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International Research Studies

Explore Body Interact educational impact

Virtu-WIL - Research

Virtu-WIL project

Canada

Virtual simulation in healthcare education: a multi-professional, pan-Canadian evaluation

Conclusions

The research findings revealed that:
. The majority of students found the virtual simulations engaging and beneficial for learning and preparing for clinical practice.
. When implemented with sound pedagogy and curriculum planning, virtual simulation proves to be an engaging and effective method for student preparation in clinical practice.

The authors suggest the need for further research into areas such as curriculum integration strategies and the timing/sequencing of Virtual Patients to optimize student preparedness for practice. Additionally, they propose that Virtual Patients could potentially reduce the need for in-person clinical hours required for practice readiness.

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Mexico

Implementación de la simulación virtual en la educación médica de pregrado

Conclusions

The outcomes of the research indicate that Body Interact is perceived to be useful in supporting the teaching of medical students.
Students perceive an improvement in the individual learning process with the use of the Body Interact simulator, in addition, they consider that it is related to the pedagogical process of their learning, with the curricular contents, it provides an opportunity to put their knowledge into practice, thus, their expectations were exceeded, and they were perceived to be satisfied when using Body Interact. In addition, they perceived the development of
communication skills, decision making and critical thinking.

University of South-Eastern Norway

University of South-Eastern Norway

Norway

Nursing students’ experiences of virtual simulation when using a video conferencing system – a mixed methods study

Conclusions

The students’ ratings of their learning experiences after the simulation activity showed a significant improvement in several aspects when compared with their ratings of their expectations for virtual simulation with Body Interact™ before the simulation activity. The researchers conclude that virtual simulation over Zoom can be useful for students’ learning. The students valued the feedback they received from both their peers and the faculty and considered it important to their learning. Virtual simulation is a useful pedagogical method that can be beneficial to implement in nursing education. Virtual simulation can also be used for teaching and evaluation during clinical rotation and in theoretical courses as a way of combining theoretical and practical knowledge. The virtual simulation helped students to bridge gaps in both the teaching and learning processes. The research identified four important aspects of learning: 1) learning by self-training, 2) learning from the software (Body Interact™), 3) learning from peers, and 4) learning from faculty.

Chinese University of Hong Kong

Chinese University of Hong Kong

China

Virtual patient simulation in undergraduate emergency medicine education during COVID-19: Randomized controlled trial

Conclusions

The use of virtual reality for learning over a period of 2 and 4 weeks may be beneficial for improving emergency medicine clinical competence for final-year medical students. A longer 4-week virtual patient simulation program may produce an even better learning effect on clinical competence.

University of South-Eastern Norway

University of South-Eastern Norway

Norway

Exploring facilitation in virtual simulation in nursing education: A scoping review

Conclusions

The goal of this research was to systematically map existing research regarding the reflective feedback in virtual simulation in undergraduate nursing education. The research included 41 studies from 15 different countries.
The authors concluded that virtual simulation produced similar effects on learning as traditional simulation. Virtual simulation was well accepted by the students, and often preferred over traditional simulation. This review emphasizes the importance of reflective feedback
before, during, and after the simulation, and highlights the importance of reflective feedback led by the facilitator, showing also that virtual simulation provides opportunities to give feedback from the software, such as cues or direct feedback.

Universidad Católica del Norte (Chile)

Universidad Católica del Norte

Chile

Impacto de un entrenamiento de simulación virtual remota sincrónica para el tratamiento inicial del accidente cerebrovascular isquémico en estudiantes de medicina

Conclusions

The goal of this research was to evaluate the effect of a remote virtual simulation program, synchronous with debriefing, for the initial management of stroke in fifth-year medical students.
Simulation, using Virtual Patients, applied in a deliberate practice program, with instructor-guided debriefing improved the competencies for the initial management of stroke in undergraduate medical students and was highly valued by the students.

Universidad del Noreste

Universidad del Noreste

Mexico

Critical thinking assessment of final year medical students with Virtual Patients

Conclusions

COVID-19 lockdowns presented itself as a major challenge to clinical education, and doctors-to-be final evaluation was no exception.
Body Interact provided a strategy to: assess clinical reasoning in a remote way; evaluate decision-making skills based on theoretical, scientific, epidemiological, and clinical knowledge; promoted feedback on actions.

Logo University of Boras Research

University of Borås

Sweden

Effects of Blended Simulation on Nursing Students’ Critical Thinking Skills: A Quantitative Study

Conclusions

This study concluded that blended simulation-based education can increase nursing students’ critical thinking capabilities. As a result, this study builds on the use of simulation as a measure for developing and promoting critical thinking abilities during nursing education.

Anahuac University

Anahuac University

Mexico

Virtual Hospital. An opportunity for undergraduate medical students for training and assessment in response to COVID-19

Conclusions

During the lockdowns due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Anáhuac developed a Virtual Hospital to provide students with clinical experience. Data from both pre-COVID-19 and Virtual Hospital rotations were compared and it was found that: training in a virtual hospital helped students not to lose their clinical ability; performing communication and general clinical skills can be maintained by the work done in rotations in the Virtual Hospital; combining VP with simulated patients boosted the communication skills development and promoted the development of both clinical reasoning and clinical gestures.

logo Zaporizhzhia State Medical University Research

Zaporizhzhia State Medical University

Ukraine

The first experience of using the Body Interact simulation interactive training platform as a part of interns’ attestation

Conclusions

The University’s experience in using the simulation interactive training system – Body Interact – allowed them to confirm the prospects of its use in interns’ certification. Its advantages include the possibility of task standardization; time limitation for solving the clinical situation; as well as having criteria for evaluating test results with detailed step-by-step reports.
The pilot experience of applying this system for interns’ certification can be expanded and used as the Structured Objective Clinical Examination (OSCE) stage for sixth-year students.

Logo University of Health Sciences Turkey

University of Health Sciences Turkey

Turkey

Is Virtual Patient Simulation Superior to Human Patient Simulation – A Randomized Controlled Study

Conclusions

Virtual Patient Simulation (VPS) was indicated as superior to other methods in terms of nursing anxiety and self-confidence with clinical decision-making, and all the simulation-based learning and performance scores. When combining it with Human Patient Simulation, effectiveness was proved on the professional knowledge and communication sub-scales and the total score for simulation-based learning.
VPS can either be used as an online learning method or as an in-person strategy. Always promoting and highlighting its benefits towards patient safety.

FMCB

Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Algarve

Portugal

The impact of small-group virtual patient simulator training on perceptions of individual learning process and curricular integration: a multicentre cohort study of nursing and medical students

Conclusions

Participants included 617 nursing and medical students from 11 institutions in 8 countries. At baseline, nursing students reported greater curricular integration and more clinical and simulation experience than did medical students. After exposure to small-group VPS training, participants reported significant improvements in 5/6 items relating to individual learning process and 7/7 items relating to curricular integration. The impact of the VPS experience was similar amongst nursing and medical students.
In this multi-centre study, perceptions of individual learning process and curricular integration improved after exposure to small-group VPS training. Nursing and medical students showed similar impact. Small-group VPS training is an accessible, low-risk educational strategy that can improve student perceptions of individual learning process and curricular integration

Shimane University logo

Shimane University

Japan

Study of a Hybrid Educational Method Using Virtual Patient Simulation and Physical Examination During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Conclusions

Previous studies have shown the pedagogical benefits of using virtual patient simulation (VPS), but there are no studies using simulators and VPS together, making learner satisfaction and learning effectiveness unknown.
This study investigated the satisfaction level of the educational program using both resources, concluding that education combining a simulator and VPS can facilitate the process from examination to diagnosis, and afford a high satisfaction level.

Facultad de Medicina - Clínica Alemana Universidad del Desarrollo

Facultad de Medicina – Clínica Alemana Universidad del Desarrollo

Chile

Telesimulation and teledebriefing to promote clinical reasoning in undergraduate medicine students

Language: Spanish

Conclusions

The researchers aimed to study the use of remote simulation and remote debriefing as a means to promote clinical reasoning in 6th-year medical students. A cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted, and participants stated that the scenarios implemented in a remote way helped them to improve their capacity to clinically assess patients and make clinical decisions.
100% of students rated levels 5 and 4 to Body Interact as a relevant tool for individual learning and useful for theoretical classes.

University of South-Eastern Norway logo

University of South-Eastern Norway

Norway

Configuration of Mobile Learning Tools to Support Basic Physical Assessment in Nursing Education: Longitudinal Participatory Design Approach

Conclusions

This research aimed to explore the perspectives of students regarding the way in which a selection of digital learning resources (virtual patients, massive open online courses, and multimedia learning material) supports basic physical assessment skills development.
The set of learning tools used contributed to stimulating learning in 7 different ways and supports skills training and knowledge transfer between multiple learning contexts.

Note: Although the name of Body Interact is not mentioned in the research, solely the concept of virtual patients, and virtual patients’ scenarios, the authors confirmed that the software used in the study was Body Interact.
University of South-Eastern Norway logo

University of South-Eastern Norway

Norway

The value of a redesigned clinical course during COVID-19 pandemic: an explorative convergent mixed-methods study

Conclusions

This study offers insight into how a technology-enhanced clinical course can foster the learning of fundamental nursing care, basic physical assessment skills, and clinical reasoning skills; enhancing students’ preparedness for clinical hours. Virtual patients’ scenarios contributed to integrating different types of knowledge and skills that are important when providing nursing care for patients in clinical practice. This study also highlighted a gap in pedagogical competence among faculty members with regard to facilitating learning in a technology-enhanced learning environment.

Note: Although the name of Body Interact is not mentioned in the research, solely the concept of virtual patients, and virtual patients’ scenarios, the authors confirmed that the software used in the study was Body Interact.
Guangxi medical college logo

Guangxi Medical College

China

Research and practice of clinical thinking ability teaching in 3D virtual human-computer interaction teaching mode

Conclusions

This article believes that the application of 3D virtual human-computer interaction teaching mode in clinical thinking training teaching in higher vocational colleges is the trend of clinical thinking teaching reform and development. Aiming at the development needs of the current situation of clinical thinking teaching mode for clinical medical students in higher vocational colleges, from the establishment of teaching teams, The establishment and application process of 3D virtual reality human-computer interaction technology teaching mode is discussed in three aspects: creating teaching mode and developing clinical thinking case, and provides reference for the teaching of clinical thinking ability of higher vocational medical students.

FMCB

Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Algarve

Portugal

Ranking the factors that impact a Virtual Patients learning experience

Conclusions

Virtual Patients are crosswise used as a valid tool to develop and train clinical reasoning and decision-making skills, both in Medicine and Nursing curriculums. Features and uses regarding the use of this type of simulation can be defined to foster the educational benefit, since a set of conditions, both in terms of quality and quantity, have been identified through students’ perceptions.

Logo UBI

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Beira Interior

Portugal

The role of virtual interactive simulators in medical education: Exploring their integration as an assessment methodology in clinical years

Conclusions

The mean final score of the participants was higher with the VIP compared to the MCQ.
Our investigation is favorable to the use of the VIP for the evaluation process of medical students in clinical years. A systematic review points out that the VIP proves to be more effective in improving clinical skills and knowledge.

Teikyo logo

Teikyo University

Japan

A successful hybrid-simulation case with COVID-19virtual patient software and physical simulators

Conclusions

During the outbreaking phase, it may be hard for medical school students to learn COVID-19 cases in a clinical setting. Teikyo University provided a case of hybrid-simulation training for medical school students about these cases during the outbreak phase in Tokyo. In conclusion, the Community-Based Medical Education curriculum enabled medical students to understand the social determinants of health framework to some extent. Further work is needed to deepen their levels of reflection.

ESEP

Escola Superior de Enfermagem do Porto

Portugal

Clinical Virtual Simulation as Lifelong Learning Strategy – Nurse’s Verdict

Conclusions

The authors suggest that Virtual Patients appear to be a promising strategy for lifelong learning in the nursing context, having reached the following outcomes:

  • Nurses rated highly the perceived ease of use, usefulness, and intention to use in lifelong learning of Virtual Patients.
  • Nurses pointed out Virtual Patients as highly relevant and as having a role as a facilitator in lifelong learning in nursing.
ESEP

Escola Superior de Enfermagem do Porto

Portugal

Easiness, usefulness and intention to use a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) in nursing

Conclusions

ECare-COPD learning program showed usefulness and nurses’ intention to use this educational strategy in future and high average rates of perceived easiness and global quality. The MOOCs development opens a new era of opportunities for nursing education and to lifelong learning in nursing, enhancing safety and quality of the healthcare services in supporting patients to achieve a better quality of life.

Nagoya City University

Nagoya City University

Japan

Search for strategies to bring out the willingness to learn in the midst of COVID-19 crisis

Conclusions

In response to COVID-19 pandemic, the Nagoya City University has decided to provide the “awareness training” using Body Interact. Students’ engagement has mirrored as if they were in the actual emergency room.
Reports have also confirmed their degree of understanding as well as the judgement pathway in their clinical decisions.

Showa University School

Showa University School

Japan

Online clinical medical education curriculum using Body Interact that can replace the practical clinical training in hospital

Conclusions

Due to the effects of COVID-19, the majority of medical education institutions throughout Japan stopped offering conventional classes and practical training for a certain period and have been forced to prepare the online education system.
In order to keep the medical students active who were unable to enter the campus or hospital environments to learn, Body Interact, virtual patient software, enabled them to continue learning how to diagnose and treat patients, with clinical scenarios available at any time and anywhere.
Students and medical instructors in and out of the University were highly satisfied with the system.

University of Insubria

University of Insubria

Italy

Pre-graduation medical training including virtual reality during COVID-19 pandemic: a report on students’ perception

Conclusions

During the COVID-19 pandemic, online medical training including simulated clinical scenarios avoided training interruption and the majority of participant students gave a positive response on the perceived quality of this training modality.

Shimane University

Shimane University

Japan

The Utility of Virtual Patient Simulations for Clinical Reasoning Education

Conclusions

Body Interact could help medical students improve their clinical decision-making skills without lecturer supervision.

NMU

Nanjing Medical University

China

Application of Body Interact Clinical Reasoning Education System in Teaching of Neurology

Conclusions

Students using Body Interact scored higher in earning value and sense of accomplishment, teaching enthusiasm, organizational clarity, and group interaction compared to a control group using only lectures as usual.

UNAM

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Mexico

Using clinical simulators for learning Pharmacology and Therapeutics

Conclusions

Body Interact can be useful as:

  • An integrative and complementary activity to presence class teaching of Pharmacology and Therapeutics.
  • It can be used as an evaluation and training tool in FARMAPROC (reliable pharmacology activity by professionals) and other related reliable professional activities.
  • Development of reliable prescription of medications (FARMAPROC), in at least 8 (eight) assessment activities in pharmaco-therapeutic field.
ESEP

Escola Superior de Enfermagem do Porto

Portugal

Clinical Virtual Simulation in Nursing Education: Randomized Controlled Trial

Conclusions

Students using Body Interact had significantly better outcomes in knowledge retention, clinical reasoning, and learning satisfaction than students in a control group who use a traditional low-fidelity simulator, both immediately but also two months after the intervention.
This study highlights the potential benefit of using virtual simulations over low-fidelity physical simulations.

George Brown College

George Brown College

Canada

Using Virtual Interactive Digital Simulator to Enhance Simulation Experiences for Undergraduate Nursing Students

Conclusions

  • This emerging technology, although not intended to replace human patient simulation, shows promise in enabling easier, more self-directed access to simulation for students.
ESEP

Escola Superior de Enfermagem do Porto

Portugal

Clinical Virtual Simulation [CVS] in Nursing Education

Conclusions

  • The pregraduate nursing students revealed perceived ease, usefulness, and intention to use Clinical Virtual Simulation as an important complementary strategy for their nursing education programmes.
  • The results showed an average of perceived ease to use the simulator of 8.99, and a perceived usefulness and intention of 9.60. Results also showed an average of 9.55 for relevance and 9.71 points for the facilitator role of CVS in nursing education.
Rocky Vista University

Rocky Vista University College of Osteopathic Medicine

United States of America

Evaluation of the Body Interact Virtual Patient Simulator Device in Training Medical Students

Conclusions

  • Clinical virtual simulation raises the level of satisfaction with the learning experience among medical students.
  • Indications that the cases were better to complete as a team and the Body Interact group table was useful for teaching in a group setting suggest utility in completing the cases with the aid of others.
  • This prepares students for the transition from classroom education to learning within various healthcare roles when performing real patient care.
Cleveland Clinic

Cleveland Clinic

United States of America

Application of a Virtual Patient (VP) program into a medical school nephrology curriculum

Conclusions

  • We successfully incorporated a VP platform into the nephrology educational curriculum.
  • The Body Interact program was well received and was found to be a useful education adjunct.